# A (not finitely generated) group isomorphic to a proper quotient group

The basic question that we raise here is the following one: given a group $$G$$ and a proper subgroup $$H$$ (i.e. $$H \notin \{\{1\},G\}$$, can $$G/H$$ be isomorphic to $$G$$? A group $$G$$ is said to be hopfian (after Heinz Hopf) if it is not isomorphic with a proper quotient group.

All finite groups are hopfian as $$|G/H| = |G| \div |H|$$. Also, all simple groups are hopfian as a simple group doesn’t have proper subgroups.

So we need to turn ourselves to infinite groups to uncover non hopfian groups. Continue reading A (not finitely generated) group isomorphic to a proper quotient group